15 places to work with a political science degree in Nigeria

According to Wikipedia, Political science is “a social science which deals with the systems of governance, and the analysis of political activities, political thoughts, and political behaviour.” Political philosophy, political dynamics, political institutions, as well as the relationship between the state and the individual are also studied under political science. Comprising of numerous sub-fields and specialised areas, political science, on a broad scale, deals with the theories and practical aspects of politics. The many sub-fields and specialised areas of political science include; comparative politics, political theory, political economy, international relations, public administration, public policy, and political methodology. As a social science, political science relates to and draws it’s knowledge from other social sciences like law, history, philosophy, sociology, economics, anthropology, and psychology.

Political science is majorly a field for students who enjoy thrill of politics at both national and international level. Students of political science are concerned mainly with politics and society and how the former affects and influences the latter.

Branches of political science

As earlier stated, political science is a broad field with many branches and specialised areas. Each of these branches deal with a specific part of the theory and practise of politics and how it influences society, especially in the transfer and allocation of power. Each of these branches applies various methods in the social sciences in carrying out their studies. Some of the methods applied in political science and It’s branches are; behaviouralism, positivism, rational choice theory, structuralism, realism, pluralism, interpretivism, institutionalism, and post-structuralism. Quickly, we’ll look at some of the branches and sub-fields of political science.

  • Comparative politics – According to Wikipedia, comparative politics deals with the “comparison of different types of constitutions, political actors, legislature and associated fields, all of them from an intrastate perspective.”
  • International relations – Wikipedia defines international relations as “the interaction between nation-states, as well as intergovernmental and transnational organizations.” Under international relations, important world political issues like international laws and policies are discussed. World peace and international cooperation are the central aim of international relations.
  • Political theory – This deals with the various concepts, ideologies, and theoretical aspects of political science like state, equity, separation of powers, justice, sovereignty, liberty, law, government and forms of government, etcetera. It also looks at the various philosophies and ideas of various classical and contemporary political thinkers and how their philosophies and thoughts influence political theories and ideologies.

Skills and approaches applied in the study of political science

Political science is a practical social science that draws it’s knowledge from a host of other practical social science fields. As such, practical skills and approaches are used in the study of the subject. Political science students and graduates use these practical skills and approaches to study society, it’s political philosophy, it’s political systems, and the political events and activities that take place within the society. Some of the practical skills and approaches political science students and graduates use in their studies are;

  • Writing skills
  • Analytical and systematic research skills
  • Public speaking skills
  • Presentation skills
  • Critical thinking and problem solving skills
  • Leadership skills

Career opportunities and places to work with a political science degree in Nigeria

Political science is closely related to other broad social sciences like law, history, economics, and philosophy, and like most of these social sciences, it offers numerous career opportunities in both the public and private sector to graduates with a political science degree in Nigeria. Graduates with a degree in political science can work in secondary schools and universities as teachers and lecturers respectively or offer legal services in advisory positions in either the public or private sector across the country. They can also offer consultancy services in public and private firms, as well as take up positions as journalists in various news media outlets within the nation. Opportunities are also available in public relations and international relations. Here are some career opportunities available to political science graduates in Nigeria;

  • Activist/Advocate (Local & International NGOs, Media Houses etc)
  • Administrator (Corporate, Government, Non-Profit Organisations)
  • Political analyst
  • Budget Examiner/Analyst (Budget office for Socio-Political Organisations, NGOs etc)
  • Legal adviser
  • Campaign Organiser (Campaign Office of Political Office Candidates)
  • Constituency Office/Committee Staffer (Constituency Office of State and Federal Legislators)
  • Coordinator of Federal/State Aid (NACA & other Federal or State Aid and Emergency Agencies, NGOs etc)
  • Corporate Analyst (Media Houses, Corporations, NGOs)
  • Corporate Public Affairs Advisor (Media Houses, Companies & Corporations)
  • Corporate Economist (Socio-Economic organizations, Research Organisations, Companies etc)
  • Corporate Information Analyst (Media Houses, Corporate Organisations, Local & International NGOs)
  • Corporation Legislative Issues Manager (Multinationals, Corporate Organisations, Companies, NGOs etc)
  • Editor, Online Political Journal (Journals, News Websites, TV/Radio/Web Media Houses etc)
  • Foreign Service Officer (Embassies & High Commissions, Immigration Service, Diplomatic Corps etc)
  • Information Manager (Schools, Corporate Organisations, Companies, Medium Businesses, NGOs etc)
  • Intelligence Officer (Private Security Organisations, Intelligence & Research Firms, State Security Agencies etc)
  • International Agency Officer (NGOs & International Agencies)
  • International Research Specialist (Research Organisations)
  • Journalist (Print, Radio & Web Media Houses)
  • Legislative Analyst / Coordinator (Constituency Offices of Legislators, Media Houses, Pressure Groups & Socio-political NGOs)
  • Lobbyist (Campaign Teams of Politicians, Lobby Team for Corporate Organisations, Pressure Groups, Regional Groups etc)
  • Mediator (Law Firms, Dispute Resolution Organisations, Self Employed Mediator etc)
  • Policy Analyst (Columnist in Print and Web Media, Analyst on TV/Radio Houses, Writer/Author, Blogger)
  • Political Commentator
  • Public Affairs Research Analyst (Media Houses, etc)
  • Public Opinion Analyst (Media Houses, NGOs etc)
  • Research Analyst (Research Firms, Management Consulting Firms, Marketing Agencies, Media Houses etc)
  • State Legislator
  • Survey Analyst (Polls Agencies, Survey & research firms, Media Houses etc)
  • Teacher (High Schools and Colleges)
  • University Professor

Conclusion

Political science is a broad and exciting field, with it’s reach extending into history, international relations, law, sociology, economics, and philosophy. The wide scope of the field means it prepares it’s students for careers in a plethora of positions in both the public and private sector in Nigeria. Students of political science can have their pick of numerous job opportunities when they eventually graduate. We hope this article has been helpful in informing you about career opportunities available to political science graduates in Nigeria. Let us know in the comment section.

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